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History of the radio manufacturer  

RCA (RCA Victor Co. Inc.); New York (NY)

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Name: RCA (RCA Victor Co. Inc.); New York (NY)    (USA)  
alternative name:
RCA Manufacturing || Victor Talking Machine
Brand: Electrola || Electrola Radiola || Florenza || Hyperion || Orthophonic || Photophone || Radiola || Radiolette || Radiotron (Tube brand) || Receptor || Superette || Tuscany || Victrola Radiola
Abbreviation: rca
Products: Model types Tube manufacturer
Summary:

RCA-Victor Co.Inc.; Radio Corporation of America, 233 Broadway, New York - is later RCA Victor Co.Inc. - Trade names: Acoustic, Aeriola, Alhambra, Borgia, Columbia, Cromwell, DeForest, Electrola, Electrola Radiola, Florenza, Hyperion, Orthophonic,Photophone, Radio Electrola, Radiola, Radiolette, Radiotron, RCA-Victor, Receptor, Superette, Tuscany, Victor, Victor Radiola.
Vertretung Schweiz: Jacques Baerlocher AG; Zürich Victrola

RCA, formerly an initialism for the Radio Corporation of America, is now a trademark used by two companies for products descended from that common ancestor:

Thomson SA, which manufactures consumer electronics like RCA-branded televisions, DVD players, video cassette recorders, direct broadcast satellite decoders, camcorders, audio equipment, telephones, and related accessories; and Sony BMG Music Entertainment, which owns the RCA Victor and RCA Records record labels it received from one of its owners, BMG. The two companies bought those assets from General Electric, which took over the RCA conglomerate in 1986 and kept RCA's NBC broadcasting interests. Initially, GE continued to control the RCA trademarks (including the rights to the His Master's Voice trademark, or Nipper, in the Americas), which were then licensed to Thomson and Bertelsmann. Thomson eventually bought the RCA trademarks, subject to the perpetual license GE had issued to Sony BMG's predecessor.

Founded: 1919
History:
RCA was formed in 1919 as a publicly-held company owned in part by Westinghouse (and AT&T ?) and GE. David Sarnoff was named General Manager. RCA's charter required it be mostly American-owned. RCA took over the assets of American Marconi, and was responsible for marketing GE and Westinghouse's radio equipment. It also acquired the patents of United Fruit and Westinghouse, in exchange for ownership stakes. By 1926, RCA had grasped the market for commercial radio, and purchased the WEAF and WCAP radio stations and network from AT&T, merged them with RCA's own attempt at networking, the WJZ New York/WRC Washington chain, and formed the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). In 1929, RCA purchased the Victor Talking Machine Company, then the world's largest manufacturer of phonographs (including the famous "Victrola") and phonograph records (in British English, "gramophone records"). The company then became RCA-Victor. With Victor, RCA acquired New World rights to the famous Nipper trademark. RCA Victor produced many radio-phonographs. The company also created new techniques for adding sound to film. In 1931, RCA Victor developed and released the first 33¨÷ rpm records to the public. These had the standard groove size identical to the contemporary 78rpm records, rather than the "microgroove" used in post-WWII 33¨÷ "Long Play" records. The format was a commercial failure at the height of the Great Depression, partially because the records and playback equipment were expensive. The system was withdrawn from the market after about a year. (This was not the first attempt at a commercial long play record format, as Edison Records had marketed a microgroove vertically recorded disc with 20 minutes playing time per side the previous decade; the Edison long playing records were also a commercial failure.) In 1939, RCA demonstrated an all-electronic television system at the New York World's Fair. With the introduction of the NTSC standard, the Federal Communications Commission authorized the start of commercial television transmission on July 1, 1941. World War II slowed the deployment of television in the US, but RCA began selling television sets almost immediately after the war was over. Antitrust concerns led to the breakup of the NBC radio networks by the FCC, a breakup affirmed by the United States Supreme Court. On October 12, 1943, the "NBC Blue" radio network was sold to Life Savers candy magnate Edward J. Noble for $8,000,000, and renamed "The Blue Network, Inc". It would become the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) in 1946. The "NBC Red" network retained the NBC name, and RCA retained ownership. In 1949, RCA-Victor developed and released the first 45 rpm record to the public, answering CBS/Columbia's 33¨÷ rpm "LP". RCA Video-Tape machineIn 1953, RCA's color-TV standard was adopted as the standard for American color TV. RCA cameras and studio gear, particularly of the TK-40/41 series, became standard equipment at many American television network affiliates. Perhaps surprisingly David Sarnoff commented in 1955, "Television will never be a medium of entertainment".
In many ways the story of RCA is the story of David Sarnoff. His drive and business acumen led to RCA becoming one of the largest companies in the world, successfully turning it into a conglomerate during the era of their success. However in 1970, now 69 years old, Sarnoff retired and was succeeded by his son Robert. David Sarnoff died the next year; much of RCA's success died with him. RCA was one of the eight major computer companies (along with IBM, Burroughs, Control Data Corporation, General Electric, Honeywell, Scientific Data Systems and UNIVAC) through most of the 1960s, but abandoned computers in 1971. RCA was a major proponent of the eight-track tape cartridge, which it launched in 1965. The eight-track cartridge initially had a huge and profitable impact on the consumer marketplace. However, sales of the 8-track tape format peaked in 1974-75 as consumers increasingly favored the compact cassette format. During the 1970s, RCA Corporation, as it was now formally known, became increasingly ossified as a company. Robert Sarnoff was ousted in a boardroom coup by Anthony Conrad, who then resigned after admitting failing to file income tax returns for six years. Despite maintaining a high standard of engineering excellence in such fields as broadcast engineering and satellite communications equipment, other businesses such as the NBC radio and television networks declined. Forays into new consumer electronics products, such as the innovative but technologically obsolescent SelectaVision videodisc system, proved money losers. This eventually led to RCA's sale to GE and its subsequent break-up.
Radio Fernseh Elektro GmbH in Germany was an "Associated Company of Radio Corporation of America" (RCA). This according to the type label on a model 5QR64X and 67QR77M etc. This company was established by RCA as an agency to order radios for the RCA market outside Germany and USA, produced by German manufacturers which are not visible. One of the manufacturers was probably Graetz.


Some models:
Country Year Name 1st Tube Notes
USA  47/48 Q34 Ch= RC-539E 6SK7  Wavebands: BC, 4xSW  7" x 9" elliptical speaker electrodynamic   
USA  47/48 Victor 54 (B2) 1R5  "Taschenformat" 
USA  49/50 6Q33XT 12SA7   
USA  45 6QV3 12SA7   
USA  46 9QV5 6BA6  In 1946 the tubes 6BA6 and 6BE6 came on the market. 4 x KW 
USA  46 Q10A Ch= RC-594C [early] 12SA7  Export version. Price in Switzerland 275 SFR. Operates from DC or 40-100Hz AC. 
USA  48 Q122 Ch= RC601 6SA7  Frequency Ranges: BC band - 535 to 1620 kc SW1 - 2.4 to 6.4 mc SW2 - 9.3 to 12.15 mc S... 
USA  42 QU62 Ch= RC-602B 6SG7  2 speakers: one each electrodynamic and permanentdynamic. BC and 4xSW. 
USA  46/47 Globe-Trotter 66BX (Globetrotter) Ch= RC-1040 1T4  This model with chassis RC-1040 employs a 3Q4 output tube, while the chassis RC-1040A uses... 
USA  48 Q122X Ch= RC601A 6SA7  Frequency Ranges: LW - 135 to 380 kc BC band - 535 to 1620 kc SW1 - 5.9 to 7.4 mc SW2 ... 
USA  47/48 QU61 Ch= RC-568B 6SK7  1 Electromagnetic and 1 permanent magnetic speaker. BC, 4xSW. Also Export version for 110-... 
USA  49/50 5Q31XT Ch= RC-1054 12SA7     

[rmxhdet-en]

Further details for this radio manufacturer by the members (rmfiorg):

tbn_us_rcavictor_14xv215_28x5_v135_adv.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_jun37.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_1944.jpg
tbn_us_rcavictor_adv.jpg
tbn_usa_rcavictor_1938_service_notes.jpg
tbn_rca_promotion_aug37.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_jan37.jpg
tbn_rca_prom2_rr_jan37.jpg
tbn_rca_prom1_rr_mar37.jpg
tbn_rca_prom2_rr_mar37.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_v215_rr_jan42.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_feb42.jpg
tbn_rca_prom2_feb42.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_jan41_p12.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_firmenlogo.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_1920er_firmenlogo.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_1949_8x681_decal_on_bottom.jpg
tbn_radiola.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_logo1.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_logo2.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victrola_logo.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victrola_logo1.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victrola_logo2.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_tube_logo.jpg
tbn_rca_victor_ad1.jpg
tbn_us_rca_radiotron_adv.jpg
tbn_usa_victor_victrola_label.jpg
tbn_rca.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_werbung_1961.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_werbung_1964.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_feb41_p39.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_mar41_p27.jpg
tbn_rca_prom2_rr_jul41.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_jul41.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_aug41_v215.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_sep41_p21.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_oct41_p4.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_oct41_p5.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_nov41_p6.jpg
tbn_rca_prom1_rr_oct45_p76.jpg
tbn_rca_prom2_rr_oct45_p77.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_jan46_p83.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_jan46_p84.jpg
tbn_rr_prom_rca_mar46_p78.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_mar46_p79.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_supplementary_data1_1943.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_crystal_pickup_data1_1943.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_crystal_pickup_data2_1943.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_crystal_pickup_data3_1943.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_jul46_p32.jpg
tbn_rca_prom_rr_ju46_p33.jpg
tbn_rr_nov46_p41.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiotron_uy227.jpg
tbn_rr_nov47_p36.jpg
tbn_rr_jan47_p37.jpg
tbn_rr_feb47_p41.jpg
tbn_rr_mar47_p36_1.jpg
tbn_rr_apr47_p33.jpg
tbn_rr_may47_p34.jpg
tbn_rr_may47_p35.jpg
tbn_rca_ad_1948.jpg
tbn_rr_may47_p141.jpg
tbn_rr_jul47_p31.jpg
tbn_rr_aug47_p101.jpg
tbn_usa_radiola_may_oct_1924.jpg
tbn_usa_rca.jpg
tbn_usa_rca~~1.jpg
tbn_rr_sep47_p47.jpg
tbn_usa_rca~~2.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiotrons.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiotron.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiola.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiola_2.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiola_3.jpg
tbn_us_rca_victor_solid_copper_color_tv_advert.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiotron_2.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiotron_3.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiotron~~1.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiotron~~2.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiotron_5.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiotron_6.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_radiotron_7.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_1947.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_labs_ad1943.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_vintageadfrom1935.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_printad1938.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_transistor_advertise_1953.jpg
tbn_victor_advertise_1908.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victrola_advertise_1924.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victrola_advertise2_1924.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victrola_advertise1_1924.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victrola_adfrom1920.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_gramophone_1929ad.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_advertise_1906.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_advertise_1915.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_advertise_1916.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_taperecorder_advertisefrom1953.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victrola_advertise1913.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victrola_advertise1921.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_victrola_advertise_1910.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_victrola_advertise_1925.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_recordchanger_advertise1952.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_adfrom1953.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_victrola_advertise_1922.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_phonograph_advertise_1945.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_victor_needle_adfrom1911.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_transistor_ad.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_gilfillan_advertise.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_advertise_1945.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_ad_1951.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_thestarmaker_advertise1951.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_brochure.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_tv_advertise1948.jpg
tbn_rca_advertise.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_flyer_1956.jpg
tbn_usa_rca_ad1943.jpg

Forum contributions about this manufacturer/brand
RCA (RCA Victor Co. Inc.); New York (NY)
Threads: 3 | Posts: 5
Hits: 184     Replies: 0
U.S.tube manufacturers licensed by RCA in 1930
Fin Stewart
31.Aug.14
  1

In the April 8th 1930 issue of the Wall Street Journal, page 2, under the heading "Broad Street Gossip" is this short article headed "Radio Operation"  - It says: "Fourteen Radio Tube Manufacturing Companies are licensed under the patents of the Radio Corporation of America. These are:

Allan Manufaturing and Electric Corporation (Alltron and Vogue tubes)

Cable Radio Tube Corporation (Speed tubes)

Ceco Manufacturing Company Inc (Ceco tubes)

Champion Radio Works Inc (Champion tubes)

Hygrade Lamp Company (Sylvania tubes)

Ken-Rad Corporation (Ken-Rad tubes)

Matchless Electric Company (Matchless tubes)

National Union Radio Tube Corporation (National Union tubes)

Nilco Lamp Works (Neptron, Hygrade and Sylvania)* 

Perryman Electric Company (Perryman tubes)

Raytheon Manufacturing Company (Raytheon tubes)

Triad anufacturing Company Inc (Triad tubes)

Tung-Sol Radio Tubes Inc (Tung-Sol tubes)

United Radio and Electrical Corporation (Ureco tubes)"

Readers please note that tube brand names were not listed in the article but have been added  by the author, from Tynes' book "Saga of the Vacuum Tube, pages 351 - 365

* The Novelty Incandescent Lamp Co (Nilco) also known as Sylvania Products Company from 1924 to 1931 made tubes from 1924. 

 
Hits: 3996     Replies: 2
Progress on scanning the RCA Red Books
Thomas Albrecht
16.Mar.11
  1

One of our U.S. members, John Kusching, has been very active in recent weeks scanning information from the RCA "Red Books."  These are annual volumes produced by RCA with several pages of detailed information about each RCA model, including service and alignment instructions, schematics, pictorial wiring diagrams, and the like.

John has now completed scans of the 1933, 1934, 1935, and 1937 Red Books, and he is continuing to acquire more volumes and keep scanning.  Information from RCA Red Books now includes over 1900 pages scanned and uploaded, covering 240 models.  John has taken the extra time to scan with high resolution and to process the scanned images following the recommended RMorg guidelines, so the image quality is top notch - basically matching the quality of the original printed pages in the RCA Red Books, yet still keeping the file sizes small enough so that downloading time is minimal.

John is a new member of RMorg, having joined in November 2010.  His level of activity and uploading during the few months he has been with us is rather amazing!

An update on statistics for U.S. models:

  • 67,729 models in total
  • 27,047 with pictures (40% of total)
  • 46,463 with schematics (69% of total)

Comparison to statistics for all countries:

  • 187,069 models in total
  • 104,045 with pictures (55% of total)
  • 95,462 with schematics (51% of total)

Many thanks to John and others who have worked systematically to provide detailed information for RCA.  Thanks to these efforts, RMorg's data is beginning to reach more of a critical mass to be a truly useful resource for U.S. manufacturers and models.  Although there is still plenty more work to do for U.S. models, real progress is being made!

Omer Suleimanagich
17.Mar.11
  2

Considering that RCA's vast library from their research lab is slowly disapearing, and does not have it's own web site anymore, this is VERY good news! 

Too many people out there, take radio for granted, to the point that valuable information is being lost and destroyed on a daily basis.  Anything that anybody has, should be scanned and uploaded to RMorg before the information  is lost for good.

All I can say,  with all of todays technology, cell phones, internet, etc  the survivors of Japan's big earthquake are now, all relying on radio for information!

 

 

 

John Kusching
16.Dec.11
  3

I have completed uploading the data from the following RCA Victor Service Notes Books, also known as the RCA "Redbooks":

1) 1923-1928

2) 1929-1930

3) 1931-1932

4) 1933

5) 1934

6) 1935

7) 1936

8) 1937

9) 1938

10) 1939

11) 1940

12) 1943-1946 (Volume III)

You can use the "Schematic Finder" to locate a radio model in its associated RCA Redbook. Unfortunately RCA did not add page numbers to the  first 5 books and so you will get a "Page 0" as the page indication for models in these books.  From 1935 and beyond, RCA added page numbers and so the Schematic Finder will indicate the correct page number along with the year in which the model can be found.  For Redbooks that span multiple years, I have used the lowest year to indicate the proper book.

 
Hits: 1656     Replies: 0
'The Reasons Why' 1959 RCA Designing and Making Televisions
Vincent de Franco
25.Feb.13
  1

This document of 26 minutes issued by the Television Division of RCA VICTOR in 1959 shows in great details the different steps of the genesis of television sets manufactured... from the design phases (in laboratories in Camden New Jersey) up to production (tubes, picture tubes*, chassis, cabinets).

The film was most likely shown internally at RCA to sensibilize personel towards high quality.

*Production of color picture tubes in Lancaster Pensylvania.

 

 

 
RCA (RCA Victor Co. Inc.); New York (NY)
End of forum contributions about this manufacturer/brand

  
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