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History of the manufacturer  

Federal Radio Corp. / Federal Telephone & Telegraph Co.; Buffalo, NY

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Name: Federal Radio Corp. / Federal Telephone & Telegraph Co.; Buffalo, NY    (USA)  
alternative name:
Federal Recorder || Federal Tel. & Radio || Federal T&T
Brand: Orthosonic / Ortho-Sonic
Abbreviation: federal-ra
Products: Model types Tube manufacturer

Federal Radio Corp. (Division of the Federal Telephone & Radio (Manufacturing) Corp.)
Buffalo, New York

Trade names: Federal (Fed), Orthosonic

In the August 1926, McGraw-Hill Radio Trade Catalog on page 211 the Federal Radio Corporation was located at 1738 Elmwood Avenue in Buffalo, New York. The August 1925 Radio Trade Directory lists over 20 components made by the company.

The Federal Radio Corporation was formed in 1926 following some years as being known as the Federal Telegraph and Telephone company, founded in the late 1890's. This former company resulted from some consolidation of smaller US telephone manufacturing companies. The radio division was apparently a separate entity. The First World War and introduction of wireless as a means of communication lent the company towards large quantity production of equipment for military use. Navy type air core transformers, buzzers and the famous "Liberty" headphones were some of the products made for the Allied Forces. Not long after the War ended, the type 226 iron core transformer was developed and this had some use until 1925.
In 1922 the company began making a range of radio apparatus for commercial use, including the Federal "Junior" crystal set and optional one tube amplifier. In that year the company made four tube receiving sets and two other amplifiers. In 1923 one radio was made and in 1924 three were made. Eight sets were made in 1925 and the first of the Orthosonic range was made. Nine were made and in 1926 three were made. In the following years to 1929 the company made 40 radios. Some "Orthosonic" sets were made to stand on a loud speaker table and were fine looking pieces of furniture. Detector and rf amplifier tubes in these sets were shielded with what looked like upended conical jam tins. The power tubes were both housed in a shielded box. The whole chassis was quite heavy as all fixed parts were nickel plated brass.

While a going concern with assets exceeding liabilities, some attempts were made in the last half of 1929 for the Federal Radio Corp to be taken over. One of these, reported in the June 1929 issue of the "Radio Retailer and Jobber" claimed that a tube partnership of the Royal Radio Tube Co (Clara Quinn) and the Lucien tube Corp, (both listed as being in Cleveland Ohio) had seized the company. The following issue of the same magazine claimed that the Acme Apparatus Corp of Cambridge, Massachusetts, which was one of Federal's creditors, had acquired them. Neither was true. In July/August of 1929 the Acoustic Products Co (formally the Sonora Phonograph Company until 1927 and renamed Sonora again after September 1929) purchased Federal Radio for US$225000. Sonora filed for bankruptcy in December 1929.

Some models:
Country Year Name 1st Tube Notes
USA  24 102 UV199  One dial (primary tuning control knob). Tuned RF, untuned Audion Det., 2 Audios. The Feder... 
USA  47 1027 12BE6   
USA  46 1030T 6SS7GT  Sams photofact, set 8, folder 468-13, date 11-46, features the Federal Telephone models 10... 
USA  47 1034 12BE6   
USA  47 1035 12BE6   
USA  47 1040TB 12BE6   
USA  24 110 UV201A  Three dials (primary tuning control knobs) One dials (primary tuning control knobs) 
USA  24 Drop in radio panel for phonograph 135 UV201A  Drop in radio panel for all upright phonographs and Victor No.210 console. There is a... 
USA  25/26 141 UV201A  Two dials (primary tuning control knobs)   The Federal 141 chassis was... 
USA  25/26 142 UV201A    The Federal Model 142 uses the same chassis as the Federal Model 141&nbs... 
USA  25/26 143 UV201A  Two dials (primary tuning control knobs) The Federal Model 143 uses the same chassi... 
USA  25 144   Two dials (primary tuning control knobs) 


Further details for this manufacturer by the members (rmfiorg):

Ebay 180559335772tbn_usa_federal_141_0.jpg
November 1922 Radio advertisementtbn_usa_federal_ad_nov22radio.jpg
Radio Digest Illustrated, 1922 Aug. 26, p. 9tbn_usa_federal_radio.jpg
Radio Digest Illustrated, 1922 Oct. 07, p. 4tbn_usa_federal_radio_2.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing June 1927 page 234.tbn_rr_june27_p234_ad_federalradio.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing June 1927 page 235.tbn_rr_june27_p235_ad_federalradio.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing June 1927 page 236.tbn_rr_june27_p236_ad_federalradio.jpg
Radio Engineering February 1934tbn_federal_re234.png
Radio Engineering September 1933tbn_federal_re933.png
electrical Record August 1927tbn_federal_electrical_record_vol.png
New York Globe February 1922tbn_federal_new_york_globe_25_feb_1922.png
Popular Radio August 1927tbn_federal_popular_radio_august_1924.png
Radio Magazine July 1929tbn_federal_radio_july_1929.png
Radio News October 1922tbn_federal_radio_news_october_1922.png
Radio Retailing magazine February 1929tbn_federal_radio_retailing_feb_1929.png
Radio Retailing magazine October 1928tbn_federal_radio_retailing_october_1928.png
Modulator magazine January 1922tbn_federal_modulator_magazine_january_1922.png
New York Sun, December 1925tbn_federal_new_york_sun_december_1925.png
Federal Radio components listtbn_federal_components_list_rtd_825.png
Federal Radio list 1922-1929tbn_federal_model_list_1922_29.jpg


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