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History of the manufacturer  

Hallock & Watson Radio Corp.; Portland, Oregon (Halowat)

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Name: Hallock & Watson Radio Corp.; Portland, Oregon (Halowat)    (USA)  
Brand:
Halowat
Abbreviation: hallock-wa
Products: Model types
Summary:

In the August 1926, McGraw-Hill Radio Trade Catalog on page 212 the Hallock & Watson Radio Corp. was located at 192 Park Street in Oregon, Oregon.
Trade name Halowat.
At least in the mid 20s the company was known as a radio company. One model is known as "HALOWAT ALL WAVE-5" above a turning knob reading S, M and L. Not really common in the USA is the term M (probably for Broadcast) instead of B.

History:

In the journal "Antique Radio Classified" (ARC), Art Redman published a good article about Hallock & Watson. Some of it can be read in the web edition. The founders of the company were "Clifton H. Watson, born in 1892, who got his start in radio at the public library in Portland, Oregon, where a wireless club had been formed in 1907. The only other source of information about radio at the time was through magazines. At the library, Watson obtained plans to build a magnetic coherer detector, which allowed him to receive signals across the room from his spark coil transmitter. Because he sported a red moustache, he became known to some `as "the cat's whisker."

When the USS Connecticut, the flagship of the Great White Fleet, came to the West Coast in 1908, Watson was able to go aboard. The sight of a Slaby-Arco 2-kilowatt spark transmitter provided him with enough information to construct a larger 1-inch spark gap transmitter. He helped install the Deforest transmitter at Station PE, the United Wireless Station, located at the 1,072-foot summit of Council Crest in Portland's west hills. He was able to contact that station and occasional ships coming up the Columbia River using the call sign "W." A 3-slide tuner and carborundum detector comprised the receiving end of the station.

During the fall of 1910, Watson, along with Joseph Homer Hallock, (See Figure 1 in print version), the "Halo" half of Halowat, enrolled at the Oregon Agricultural College at Corvallis, now Oregon State University. The two students shipped a Ham radio station to the fraternity house, later installing the antenna between the roof of the administration building and the chimney of the heating plant. The station was powerful enough to work PH in San Francisco, NPL Point Loma, and PA in Seattle.

On the night of June 28, 1911, Watson handled the distress calls of the steamer SS Spokane which was sinking in the Gulf of Alaska. He directed some of the rescue work and received $25 as his share of the salvage money. After college, Watson worked as an operator on Alaskan coastal steamers.

In 1915, Watson and Hallock installed five transmitters for the Montana Power Company. In 1916, they built a radio system comprising a stationary gap and later a rotary gap for the Northwestern Electric Company as a link from their Portland office to their generating plant near White Salmon, Washington. The company claimed this was the first time a utility had used a wireless for load dispatching anywhere in the country.

At this time, the pair separated, and Watson was appointed Radio Inspector at Seattle, Washington during World War I. After the war, he was put in charge of the Wireless Laboratory at the Mare Island, California, Naval Yard. During World War I, Joseph Hallock was in charge of the powerful Navy arc station at Bordeaux, France. After the war, Hallock worked for Federal Telegraph and supervised the installation of two wireless transmitters for the Republic of China.

They joined together in business again in 1921 as the Hallock and Watson Radio Service, and started broadcasting first as Station 7XI, and later, in 1922, as KGG on 360 meters. This early 5-watt station operation was an Esso motor-generator transmitter with a flat-top antenna above the building. Beginning in early 1922, Watson wrote an Oregon Journal newspaper radio column as "C.H. Watson, Radio Engineer." Interest in radio became apparent that year after the first three broadcasting stations had gone on the air in Portland.</i>



The next step for Hallock and Watson was the manufacture of radio sets, beginning in 1923 with the Models RF12 and RF22, which sold for $100 and $125 respectively." We see this a bit different because we show on the model page for the RF22 an ad from March 1922 of "Radio Magazine" with photo from the model. This was for "Hallock and Watson Radio Service" at 192 Park Street - mentioning "KGG".

Most probably the next year or in 1924 they also produced two different superhets, the "Porta-pak 8" with a 5-volt panel meter (577 were manufactured) and another 8 tube superhet (shown in the print version of ARC). But attorneys from RCA visited them and Hallock & Watson decided to only manufacture TRF models. In 1925 and 1926 they made two TR-5s, the first time with their "Holowat" label and a logo displaying three small lightning bolts at each end of the Halowat name. "The 1925 model uses five Type UX-01-A tubes and an additional rheostat that controls filament voltage to the first RF stage. The 1926 model uses four Type 01-A tubes and a Type UX-112 tube in the final amplifier stage. It has a new 3-tap wavelength selector switch mounted on the front panel." In 1926 followed the "All wave Type AW-5" which was the company's best and last radio. It was made in several cabinet versions.

"The firm moved into the Wilhelm Building at 355 Everett Street (now NW Fifth Avenue and NW Everett) in late 1926. Later 1926 TR-5 models showed this address, but soon Hallock and Watson abandoned the radio manufacturing business and moved to 494 NE 12th Avenue in 1928 to continue radio repairing and retailing. The firm became known in this period for the design and building of over ten radio broadcast stations, including KOIN in the Pacific Northwest."

They also helped to build police radio systems but the Depression wiped them out. Cliff Watson operated Amateur Radio Station W7ANO and worked as radio engineer for the Portland Police Department until World War II when he went on active duty with the US Navy. After the war he was radio engineer at the Electronic Laboratory of Naval Radio at San Diego. He died in San Diego, California, in 1973 at the age of 81.

"During the 1930s, Hallock was an announcer and actor for several radio stations appearing live on dramatic programs. He went to work for the FCC in 1935 and stayed for 25 years, becoming head of the Portland office in 1952. He died at Lake Oswego, Oregon, in 1976 at the age of 85." The ARC article is based on ten different sources and brings detailled information about the company and its products.


Some models:
Country Year Name 1st Tube Notes
USA  26 Halowat TR5 [Version 3] UX201A  The Halowat TR-5 is a battery operated 5 tube BC band receiver.  There were severa... 
USA  26 Halowat All Wave-5 [Internal Band Switch] UV201A  This version of the Halowat All Wave-5 differs significantly from the other known versi... 
USA  22 Unmounted Variometer   Hallock & Watson Radio Service  Variometer   
USA  24 Superhet Porta-pak 8 (tube) UV199  In 1922, "Hallock and Watson" started to manufacture their first radio models RF12 and RF2... 
USA  24 Superhet UV199  Beginning in 1922, "Hallock and Watson" started to manufacture their first radio models RF... 
USA  23 SR 25 UV201A  The Hallock and Watson Radio Service SR 25 Receiver Apparently this model was not a... 
USA  22 Non-Regenerative Receiver De luxe UV200  Two Boxes Tuner/Detector Amplifier. 
USA  24 TR5-5    
USA  26 Halowat TR5 [Version 2] UX201A  The Halowat TR-5 is a battery operated 5 tube BC band receiver.  There were severa... 
USA  25 Halowat TR5 [Version 1] UV201A  The Halowat TR-5 is a battery operated 5 tube BC band receiver.  There were severa... 
USA  22–24 RF22   In the ad of March 1922 in the "Radio Magazine" this is called "A thing of beauty", the "R... 
USA  24 RF12 [new]   4 dials (primary tuning control knobs) 

[rmxhdet-en]

Further details for this manufacturer by the members (rmfiorg):

Courtesy Ron Heberlee. This can be found on the model "HALOWAT ALL WAVE-5".tbn_usa_hallock_anschrift.jpg
July, 1922 Radio Waves magazine advertisement on page 130. Apparently Hallock & Watson were distributors for Northwestern Radio Mfg. Co. at this time.tbn_usa_hallockwatson_july1922_radiowaves_page130.jpg
Sunday May 21st 1922 The Oregon Daily Journal (Portland, Oregon) advertisement. Apparently through 1922 Hallock Watson was Distributors for the Northwestern Radio Manufacturing Company.tbn_usa_hallock_watson_21_may_1922_oregon_daily_journal.jpg

  
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