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History of the manufacturer  

National Company; Cambridge & Malden (MA)

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Name: National Company; Cambridge & Malden (MA)    (USA)  
alternative name:
National Toy Co.
Brand: Thrillbox
Abbreviation: national
Products: Model types
Summary:

First address known (in 1925): National Company, 110 Brookline St.,Cambridge, Massachusetts. The next address was National Company Inc., 61 Sherman street, Malden, MA. New adress since 1961: 31 Washington street, Melrose, MA.

Manufacturer of famous professional, military and amateur radio equipment. In the 1930ies James Millen was chief constructor (HRO types), bevore he established his own company.

National Radio was first incorporated in 1914 as the "National Toy Company". By 1916 they had broadened their product line to include household goods so they changed their name to the "National Company, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts." They got started into radio in the early 20's. Regenaformer Tuners (coil with var.condenser), Velvet vernier Dial; Distributed Browning Drake´s Receiver kits. Other trade name: Thrill Box.

The Cardwell capacitor representative in the Boston area, George Q. Hill, found that he could sell more capacitors then the Cardwell could supply. National began to supply him capacitors at this point. They sold all that they could manufacture. By 1923 the National inventory included trade marked toys, Magnetic Dancers, Roberts Mixers, DMB Covers, Victrolene, and radio components.

New address 1947 - 1957: 61 Sherman St., Malden, Mass.; again 1961 - 1971: 37 Washington St., Melrose 76, Mass.

Founded: 1914
Closed: 1991
Production: 1924 - 1971
History:
Als National Toy Company gegründet, stellte National zunächst Spielzeug und mechanische Kleinteile her, Die 1916 in National Company Inc. umbenannte Firma produzierte ab 1924 Radiobauteile für den "Browning - Drake broadcast receiver kit" und "Velvet vernier" Skalentriebe.
Unter Leitung von James Millen begann National mit der Entwicklung immer leistungsfähigerer Kurzwellenempfänger, der "Thrill Box" ab ca. 1927 folgten die SW-5 und SW-3 Audionempfänger.
1932 brachte National mit dem AGS, der "aeronautical ground station", den bis dahin leistungsfähigsten Kommunikationsempfänger auf den Markt, bereits ein Design mit austauschbaren Spulen und einer Feintriebskala. Es folgte, entwickelt mit Unterstützung durch Herbert Hoover, im Herbst/Winter 1934 der HRO, der als Kommunikationsempfänger bei Funkamateuren und im kommerziell - militärischen Einsatz gleichermassen Erfolg hatte. Das Konzept mit den in Einschüben befindlichen Steckspulensätzen und dem PW-Dial, einer Feintriebskala mit in kleinen sternförmig angeordneten Fensterchen angezeigten blieb noch über die Kriegsjahre beibehalten. Erst das Nachfolgemodell des in verschiedenen militärischen Varianten eingesetzten NC-100 in der A-Version war mit einer "direct readout" Skala ausgestattet, beim Bandwechsel waren die Spulensätze nicht mehr umzustecken sondern wurden in der beweglichen "coil catacomb" im Gerät in die richtige Position gebracht.
Nach dem zweiten Weltkrieg entwickelte National neben kommerziellen und militärisch eingesetzten Kurzwellenempfängern auch Amateurfunkempfänger in verschiedensten Preisklassen. Man verpasste den Anschluss an die moderne kompakte und leichtere Gerätegeneration.
Mit dem HRO-500, dem ersten in Halbleitertechnik aufgebauten Kommunikationsempfänger mit Synthesizertechnik, brachte National 1964 nochmals eine technische Innovation auf den Markt.
Nach dem Firmenbankrott 1969 produzierte National noch für einige Jahre im Rahmen staatlicher Verträge militärisches Gerät, konnte sich aber nicht mehr auffangen. 1991 kam des letzte Inventar unter den Hammer.


Some models:
Country Year Name 1st Tube Notes
USA  38 1-10 954  6 and 180 volt batteries are needed for heater and B-supply. Price is 1938 for receiver an... 
USA  38–45 NC-100A 6K7   
USA  36 1-10A 954  experimental receiver, self-quenching superregenerative detector covering VHF-UHF bands 2... 
USA  39 1286 0Z4  vibrator pack for 12V DC, uses mallory G626 vibrator and 0Z4 rectifier; output power 165V... 
USA  39 1286S 0Z4  vibrator pack for 12V DC, improved circuitry (capacitors); output power 165V DC (B+ volta... 
USA  32 SW-3 Model I (2VDC SW-3) [var 2] 32  The National SW-3 Model I (2VDC SW-3) uses plug-in coils series "10-22" for coverage 90 - ... 
USA  46 37530    
USA  31 Power Supply 5800AB 80  mentionned in Radio Collector's guide, should possibly read "5880AB", model 5800AB not oth... 
USA  32 Power Supply 5880ABS 80  external power supply for SW-45 (AC) and SW-58, dual "B" voltage + 2.5V, 5-prong socket. 
USA  39 686 6X5  vibrator pack for 6V DC, uses mallory 626 vibrator and 6X5 (alt: 0Z4) rectifier; output p... 
USA  39 686S 6X5  Vibrator pack for 6V DC, uses mallory 626 vibrator and 6X5 rectifier, improved circuitry (... 
USA  39 686SB 6X5  vibrator pack for 6V DC, same as 686S, but with mounting brackets; output power 165V DC (... 

[rmxhdet-en]

Further details for this manufacturer by the members (rmfiorg):

tbn_usa_national_1947_inserat.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing June 1927 page 226.tbn_nationalcompany_firma.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing June 1927 page 226.tbn_rr_june27_p226_ad_nationalcompany.jpg
Logo in 1952-1964. Thanks for Mr.Kóczián László, Hungary, and Első Zalai Rádiómúzeum Alapítvány, First Zala County Radio Museum Foundation.tbn_usa_national_hro60_logo.jpg
1947 - 1969tbn_usa_national_logos.jpg
Radio Broadcast, Mar. 1926, p. 601tbn_usa_national.jpg
SW parts advert ~1932tbn_us_nationalmalden_1932_sw_parts.jpg
tbn_usa_national_1951_logo.jpg
logo from "Velvet" dial (ca. 1925).tbn_logo~~1.jpg
National Radioi Compamy logo and address from 1969 QSTtbn_national_radio_co_logo_and_adress_1969.jpg
National Radio Company, Inc full page ad from January 1969 QST page 125.tbn_national_full_page_ad_from_1969.jpg

Forum contributions about this manufacturer/brand
National Company; Cambridge & Malden (MA)
Threads: 1 | Posts: 1
Hits: 2118     Replies: 0
NATIONAL tv set in science fiction
Georg Richter
31.Aug.10
  1

Milton Lesser (born August 7th 1928 in Brooklyn, NY, died February 22nd 2008  in Williamsburg, Virginia) was author of (science) fiction stories and wrote also under the pseudonyms Stephen Marlowe, Adam Chase, Andrew Frazer, C.H. Thames, Jason Ridgway, Ellery Queen, Lee Francis, Darius John Granger, Ralph Burke,
Alexander Blade and S.M. Tenneshaw ...

In 1947 (or 1951?) he wrote (as Stephen Marlowe) the short fiction "Somewhere I'll find you" which was issued in Germany as "Jagd durch die Welten" {Hunting through the worlds} in 1966 as no. 468 in the "utopia" SF series.

The artwork on the German front page (painter unknown) shows an unknown or fictive NATIONAL tv set:

     (photo by GR)

The front cover artwork of the original story

  (source w/o copyright)

was made by Robert Gibson Jones.

Best Regards,

GR

 
National Company; Cambridge & Malden (MA)
End of forum contributions about this manufacturer/brand

  
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