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History of the manufacturer  

Unitra FONICA, Łódźkie Zakłady Radiowe, Wytwórcze Aparatów Telefonicznych (T-4, Zwat); Łódź

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Name: Unitra FONICA, Łódźkie Zakłady Radiowe, Wytwórcze Aparatów Telefonicznych (T-4, Zwat); Łódź    (PL)  
Abbreviation: unitra-fon
Products: Model types
Summary:

Zakłady Wytwórcze Aparatów Telefonicznych (ZWAT)
Łódź

Łodzkie Zakłady Radiowe FONICA
ul. Wróblewskiego 16-18, Łódź

Manufacturer of the "Meloman" and "Fonica" coin-operated phonographs (jukeboxes).

Founded: 1945
Closed: 2002
History:

Gert Almind, Danmark, sent us the following text:
The production plant in Łódź was founded in 1945 for production of telephone equipment according to the Marshall industrial plan and was for several decades state owned (until early 1990s). Between 1948 and 1953 the company was officially known as "Zakłady Wytwórcze Aparatów Telefonicznych", and in the 1970s the factory became part of the state organization "Zjednoczenia Przemysłu Elektronicznego UNITRA", the central owner and controller of several smaller production units. The electronic manufacturing plant in Łódź was mainly known for production of good quality turntables and radio equipment supplied under the plant's own name 'Fonica' or under the name 'Unitra' (the main offices). In the period 1978-1993 the company filed around 50 Polish patents, and the last few years under state ownership (the period 1989-1992) the company produced electronic components for the international company Philips. In 1990 the company also started production of compact disc players for Sony, Sanyo, and Mitsumi as a sub-contractor, but the manufacturing company Fonica in Łódź ran into serious financial problems in 1991, especially when the workers occupied the factory building for 20 days demanding higher wages. The company was finally liquidated by the Polish government in April 1992, - although there were very strong protests from local politicians and industry leaders. The factory (production plant) was taken over in 1996 by the Korean trading house Kyungbang Co. Ltd., and produced electronic equipment under the name Kyungbang-Fonica. In 1998 the plant was sold to Daewoo Electronics Inc. and manufactured television equipment as a sub-assembly plant under the name Daewoo-Fonica until 2002, when the factory finally closed after years of losses.

This manufacturer was suggested by Franz Scharner.


Some models:
Country Year Name 1st Tube Notes
PL  71 Fonica Mister Hit 71   Plattenspieler mit eingebautem Monoverstärker, Klangregler, keramisches Abtastsystem. I... 
PL  72 Stereo Hit WG-402 BCP109B  Tragbarer Stereo Plattenspieler mit NF-Verstärker und 2 Lautsprecherboxen. 33 1/3 und 45 U... 
PL  85–88 Stereo Amplifier PW-7010 (WS304S)    
PL  56 W-GE56    
PL  63 G-250 WX   Transportabler Plattenspieler mit schwenkbarem System für Schelllackplatten und Mikrorille... 
PL  73 Mister Hit WG-400 [Square Pickup arm]   Mono, 33 & 45 rpm. Siehe auch WG-400. 
PL  90 Stereo Amplifier PW-8040    
PL  91 Compact Disc Player CDF-001   HiFi-Stereo-CD-Player Modell CDF-001. Titelspeicher mit 20 Speicherplätzen Regelbar... 
PL  73 G-507S   Plattenwechsler für max. 10 Platten. Geschwindigkeiten: 162/3, 331/3, 45, 78 U/... 
PL  80 Emanuel GS-203    
PL  76 Camping mono WG-700 BC158  WG-700 ist ein tragbares Grammofon mit integriertem Verstärker (mono) und einem im Deck... 
PL  71 Unitra Fonica WG-460s ECC82  Plattenspieler mit 16 2/3, 33 1/3, 45, 78 Umderhungen/Min. Tonabnehmer: UK4M, Uf50,... 

[rmxhdet-en]

Further details for this manufacturer by the members (rmfiorg):

Forum contributions about this manufacturer/brand
Unitra FONICA, Łódźkie Zakłady Radiowe, Wytwórcze Aparatów Telefonicznych (T-4, Zwat); Łódź
Threads: 1 | Posts: 1
Hits: 3735     Replies: 0
Musikboxen Fonica
Uwe Ronneberger
17.Aug.09
  1

Vielen Dank an Gert Almind für folgende Informationen :

 

Łódzkie Zakłady Radiowe - Fonica
ul. Wróblewskiego 16-18
Łódź – Poland
Manufacturer of the “Meloman” and “Fonica” coin-operated phonographs (jukeboxes)1997

 

The production plant in Łódź was founded in 1945 for production of telephone equipment according to the Marshall industrial plan and was for several decades state owned (until early 1990s). Between 1948 and 1953 the company was officially known as Zakłady Wytwórcze Aparatów Telefonicznych, and in the 1970s the factory became part of the state organization Zjednoczenia Przemysłu Elektronicznego UNITRA, the central owner and controller of several smaller production units. The electronic manufacturing plant in Łódź was mainly known for production of good quality turntables and radio equipment supplied under the plant’s own name ‘Fonica’ or under the name ‘Unitra’ (the main offices). In the period 1978-1993 the company filed around 50 Polish patents, and the last few years under state ownership (the period 1989-1992) the company produced electronic components for the international company Philips. In 1990 the company also started production of compact disc players for Sony, Sanyo, and Mitsumi as a sub-contractor, but the manufacturing company Fonica in Łódź ran into serious financial problems in 1991, especially when the workers occupied the factory building for 20 days demanding higher wages. The company was finally liquidated by the Polish government in April 1992, – although there were very strong protests from local politicians and industry leaders. The factory (produc-tion plant) was taken over in 1996 by the Korean trading house Kyungbang Co. Ltd., and produced electronic equipment under the name Kyungbang-Fonica. In 1998 the plant was sold to Daewoo Electronics Inc. and manufactured television equipment as a sub-assembly plant under the name Daewoo-Fonica until 2002, when the factory finally closed after years of losses.

 

Typenschild Fonica M-123

 

Eine Jukebox in Moskau 1964

“Meloman M-120” on location in Café Otdych, Tverskaya ulitsa (= Gor’kogo ulitsa), Moscow, in 1964. This was the first time the people in Moscow could ‘pay to play’, and hear popular hits (even a few from the West).

 

M-123 von 1974

“Fonica M-123” made 1974 by Unitra Fonica in Łódź.

Unitra-Fonika Werk in Lodz

 

German lobby cards for the movie “The Man Without a Past” showing a model “Unitra-Fonica M-120-M”. The movie was made by the Finnish director Aki Kaurismäki in 2002.

 

Film-Reklame-Karte 1

Film-Reklamekarte 2

 
Unitra FONICA, Łódźkie Zakłady Radiowe, Wytwórcze Aparatów Telefonicznych (T-4, Zwat); Łódź
End of forum contributions about this manufacturer/brand

  
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