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History of the manufacturer  

Chloride Electrical Storage Company Ltd; London

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Name: Chloride Electrical Storage Company Ltd; London    (GB)  
Abbreviation: chloride
Products: Model types Others

The Chloride Electrical Storage Company Limited (Chloride), London, is a holding company with an authorised capital of £7,500,000. The company has some 35 subsidiary companies in the United Kingdom (of which 11 are dormant) most of which are wholly-owned, and some 22 subsidiary and associated companies in overseas countries. The principal interests of the group are the manufacture and sale of storage batteries.

Sales of automotive and traction batteries in the United Kingdom accounted for more than one-quarter by value of the group's total sales in 1960. The United Kingdom companies principally concerned in their production and sale are the following:
Chloride Batteries Ltd. (C.B.L.)
Pritchett & Gold and (Electrical Power Storage) E.P.S. Co. Ltd. (P. & G.)
The D.P. Battery Co. Ltd. (D.P.)
Alkaline Batteries Ltd.
Holders of certain Service agencies for Exide batteries made by C.B.L.: Gaedor Ltd. and its subsidiaries
Manufacturer of battery components: United Ebonite & Lorival Ltd. Production of Batteries with brand names Exide and Drydex.

Not to be confused with the US battery manufacture EXIDE, a trade name used by the "Electric Storage Battery Co. Philadelphia".

Founded: 1891
The Chloride Electrical Storage Company Ltd. (Chloride) was registered as the Chloride Electrical Storage Syndicate Limited on 12th December, 1891, with a nominal capital of £262,500. Its principal object was to adopt a provisional agreement of 30th November, 1891, made between The Electric Storage Battery Company (E.S.B. Co.), New Jersey, and the United Gas Improvement Company, Pennsylvania, and John A.E. Hickson on behalf of the new company, and to work in countries other than the U.S.A. and Canada patents and applications assigned by the American companies, with rights to further development and improvements of the patented inventions.
The principal demand for storage batteries until the 1914-18 war was for the large stationary type used in generating stations and for domestic lighting installations. There was also a growing demand for batteries for submarines, in the production of which Chloride played a considerable part.
After the first war the use of batteries for lighting and starting motor vehicles as well as for ignition became more general and the demand from the developing motor industry increased rapidly. There was also, for a considerable time, a demand for accumulators for radio receiving sets.
From 1918 to 1939 acquisitions of many lead acid battery producers.
The 1939-1945 War brought an increase in demand for secondary batteries of all kinds for service purposes and an increase in trade for Chloride.
In 1947 an important change was made in the relations of Chloride with its founder and traditional partner, E.S.B. Co. In addition to the three original agreements Chloride had made two export agreements with E.S.B. Co. in 1920 and 1921 which provided for some sharing of world markets. In 1945 an anti-trust action under the Sherman Act was brought against the American company. The Department of Justice alleged that the five agreements were illegal and asked for them to be declared null and void. It also sought to restrain E.S.B. Co. from holding any shares in Chloride or from being represented on the Board. E.S.B. Co. submitted to a consent decree, and final judgment was given in November 1947.

This manufacturer was suggested by Otmar Jung.

Some models:
Country Year Name 1st Tube Notes
GB  27 Exide Accumulator DTG   Single Glass cased Wet Lead Acid Accumulator Cell. To be charged at 0,5 A. Level to... 
GB  37 Drydex H1146   Contained 60 x "B" cells (U10) in series. A replica using 60 x alkaline AA cells is a l... 
GB  37 Drydex H1107   On the "Winner" and "Portable" series the low voltage is a GB (Grid Bias) tap, not an a... 
GB  37 Drydex H1180   On the "Winner" and "Portable" series the low voltage is a GB (Grid Bias) tap, not an a... 
GB  37 Drydex H1070   n the "Winner" and "Portable" series the low voltage is a GB (Grid Bias) tap, not an ac... 
GB  30 Drydex by Exide - Grid Bias Battery H1001   Not an LT battery but for Grid Bias (GB). uses 6 x cylindrical "B"  Dry Cells in o... 
GB  38 Drydex yellow triangle H1147   Contains 72 "B" size (IEC R25) cells. Specially produced for Vidor 272 (Burndept 274) w... 
GB  30 Bijou Drydex 2T10   2 x "U8" size  1.5V Zinc Carbon cells. Equivalent to Ever Ready Bijou No. 8 
GB  55 Drymax DT1   Layer type battery using 4 cells/biscuits. Connection: Clip stud type (PP9 size) ... 
GB  30 Dry Battery BT11   Bell/Flag/Phone system: Very large Zinc Carbon cell. Usually 2 x brass terminals, or on... 
GB  54 Hearing Aid Drydex DL25   Cylindrical hearing aid battery pack. Possibly 6 small mercury cells in a tube, later r... 
GB  53 Drymax DM536   HT/LT Battery pack for larger portables, including the Ever Ready Sky King, Sky Queen a... 


Further details for this manufacturer by the members (rmfiorg):

Exide catalogue 1929tbn_gb_chloride_electrical_storage_company_ltd_london_exide_catalogue_1929_front.jpg
Exide catalogue 1929tbn_gb_chloride_electrical_storage_company_ltd_london_exide_catalogue_1929_12.jpg
Exide catalogue 1929tbn_gb_chloride_electrical_storage_company_ltd_london_exide_catalogue_1929_13.jpg