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History of the radio manufacturer  

Chloride Electrical Storage Company Ltd; London

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Name: Chloride Electrical Storage Company Ltd; London    (GB)  
Brand:
Exide
Abbreviation: chloride
Products: Model types Others
Summary:

The Chloride Electrical Storage Company Limited (Chloride), London, is a holding company with an authorised capital of £7,500,000. The company has some 35 subsidiary companies in the United Kingdom (of which 11 are dormant) most of which are wholly-owned, and some 22 subsidiary and associated companies in overseas countries. The principal interests of the group are the manufacture and sale of storage batteries.

Sales of automotive and traction batteries in the United Kingdom accounted for more than one-quarter by value of the group's total sales in 1960. The United Kingdom companies principally concerned in their production and sale are the following:
Manufacturers:
Chloride Batteries Ltd. (C.B.L.)
Pritchett & Gold and (Electrical Power Storage) E.P.S. Co. Ltd. (P. & G.)
The D.P. Battery Co. Ltd. (D.P.)
Alkaline Batteries Ltd.
Holders of certain Service agencies for Exide batteries made by C.B.L.: Gaedor Ltd. and its subsidiaries
Manufacturer of battery components: United Ebonite & Lorival Ltd. Production of Batteries with brand names Exide and Drydex.

Not to be confused with the US battery manufacture EXIDE, a trade name used by the "Electric Storage Battery Co. Philadelphia".

Founded: 1891
History:
The Chloride Electrical Storage Company Ltd. (Chloride) was registered as the Chloride Electrical Storage Syndicate Limited on 12th December, 1891, with a nominal capital of £262,500. Its principal object was to adopt a provisional agreement of 30th November, 1891, made between The Electric Storage Battery Company (E.S.B. Co.), New Jersey, and the United Gas Improvement Company, Pennsylvania, and John A.E. Hickson on behalf of the new company, and to work in countries other than the U.S.A. and Canada patents and applications assigned by the American companies, with rights to further development and improvements of the patented inventions.
The principal demand for storage batteries until the 1914-18 war was for the large stationary type used in generating stations and for domestic lighting installations. There was also a growing demand for batteries for submarines, in the production of which Chloride played a considerable part.
After the first war the use of batteries for lighting and starting motor vehicles as well as for ignition became more general and the demand from the developing motor industry increased rapidly. There was also, for a considerable time, a demand for accumulators for radio receiving sets.
From 1918 to 1939 acquisitions of many lead acid battery producers.
The 1939-1945 War brought an increase in demand for secondary batteries of all kinds for service purposes and an increase in trade for Chloride.
In 1947 an important change was made in the relations of Chloride with its founder and traditional partner, E.S.B. Co. In addition to the three original agreements Chloride had made two export agreements with E.S.B. Co. in 1920 and 1921 which provided for some sharing of world markets. In 1945 an anti-trust action under the Sherman Act was brought against the American company. The Department of Justice alleged that the five agreements were illegal and asked for them to be declared null and void. It also sought to restrain E.S.B. Co. from holding any shares in Chloride or from being represented on the Board. E.S.B. Co. submitted to a consent decree, and final judgment was given in November 1947.

This manufacturer was suggested by Otmar Jung.


Some models:
Country Year Name 1st Tube Notes
GB  36 Accumulator JSP2   A 20AH Gel Lead Acid 2V Accumulator for EVER-READY 5010 & 5041 [Thus Lissen... 
GB  26 Exide Accumulator DFG   Glass case wet Lead Acid storage/rechargable battery. 45Ah on slow discharge. For 2V Va... 
GB  30 Drydex B23   Single Zinc Carbon cell in a square cross-section box. See Ever Ready Dry Battery "S" 
GB  30 Hand Lamp Battery Drydex H30   Contains 3 x Zinc Carbon cellls. Earlier versions are all brass terminals and later ver... 
GB  30 Baby Drydex 2T15   Uses 2 x U11 size Zinc Carbon cells in a card tube. Equivalent to Ever Ready Baby 1... 
GB  47 Drymax DM526   Four stacks of 15 x 1.5V layer cells (biscuit). Connector Type C (middle pin key) ... 
GB  46 Drydex Power Unit DM501   Connector type: "S" (Snap like PP9) 45 off Layer type cells (stacked "biscuits") F4... 
GB  30 Drydex Battery T20   Cylindrical Zinc Carbon "D" Cell. Utility Flashlight (Torch) battery from 19th Century.... 
GB  39 Drydex H1158   Connection Type A (same as common AD35) Equivalents Ever Ready AD4 GE... 
GB  37 Drydex H1071   On the "Winner" and "Portable" series the low voltage is a GB (Grid Bias) tap, not an a... 
GB  37 Drydex H1066   On the "Winner" and "Portable" series the low voltage is a GB (Grid Bias) tap, not an a... 
GB  26 Exide Accumulator CZG4   Single Lead - Acid Wet Cell, usually for Filaments. Approximate dimensions are from... 

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Further details for this radio manufacturer by the members (rmfiorg):

tbn_gb_chloride_electrical_storage_company_ltd_london_exide_catalogue_1929_front.jpg
tbn_gb_chloride_electrical_storage_company_ltd_london_exide_catalogue_1929_12.jpg
tbn_gb_chloride_electrical_storage_company_ltd_london_exide_catalogue_1929_13.jpg

  
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