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NT57D

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ID = 17237
       
Country:
Great Britain (UK)
Brand: Common type Great Britain tube/semicond.
Tube type:  Transmitting Triode, air cooled   VHF 
Identical to NT57D = CV1233
Predecessor Tubes NT57  
Successor Tubes NT57T  

Base Wires
Was used by Radar
Filament Vf 15 Volts / If 48 Ampere / Direct
Description

Silica power triode similar to NT57A, with graded-glass seals instead of the lead seals used before.

NT57 was the very early triode developed in Great Britain specifically for use in radar transmitters. Works on Radio Direction Finder or RDF, as radar was referred to at that time, were secret in the mid thirties and no tube supplier had access to related information before 1938. According to Callick, the tube was developed in 1936 by H.G. Hughes of the Signal School valve group. This group was already involved in the production and in the repair of silica valves for radio communication transmitters. Anode and other electrodes were made very short, about 8 cm, in order to reduce input and output capacitance and to operate at 45 MHz. A pair of hairpin-shaped thick filaments of pure tungsten, operated at 15 V and 48 A, granted about 5 A saturated emission at 10 kV anode voltage. At that time only pure tungsten was believed capable of surviving to ion bombardment due to high-voltage plate supply. As we will see later, with the development of pulse magnetron, ions do not reach enough energy to damage the cathode oxide surface when the tube is operated for short pulse durations.

NT57 was used virtually in all the early radar sets operating at 45 MHz. One or more of them were used in the MB1 and MB2 mobile ground radar systems, in the GL1 and GL2 gun-laying sets and even in the Type 79 shipborne early warning set. Only in April 1939 the NT57T was introduced to replace the NT57.

 
Information source Taschenbuch zum Röhren-Codex 1948/49   
-- Original-techn. papers.   
 
nt57d_mov_01e.jpg
NT57D: Private collection
Emilio Ciardiello

 


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