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Sparks-Withington Co., (Sparton); Jackson, Michigan

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Name: Sparks-Withington Co., (Sparton); Jackson, Michigan    (USA)  
Brand:
Jewel || Sparton
Abbreviation: sparks-wit
Products: Model types
Summary:

Sparks-Withington Co., (Sparton); Jackson, Michigan.

Founded: 1900
Production: 1925 - 1958
History:

The Sparton Corporation was founded as the Withington Company in 1900 in Jackson, Michigan, by Philip and Winthrop Withington. William Sparks became the third partner in the business a few years later and the company name was changed to the Sparks-Withington Company. Sparks-Withington began as a small manufacturer of steel parts for agricultural implements but as the automobile revolution began to sweep through Michigan in the early part of the century, Sparks-Withington added steel automotive stampings like hub caps and brake drums to their product line. By 1909, the company was manufacturing car radiator cooling fan assemblies, which quickly became a major part of the company's production output, reaching 275,000 units by 1917. It was during this period that Sparks-Withington began to make use of the trade name "Sparton," a contraction of the company name and an evocation of the disciplined Spartans of Ancient Greece. The company's first major product innovation came in 1911 when the all-electric car horn was developed by Sparks-Withington engineers. The Hudson Automobile Company soon adopted the Sparton electric horn as standard equipment for its automobiles, replacing the optional bulb horns that had characterized the early era of the automobile. Radio and Television Production in the 1930s and 1940s The Sparks-Withington Company was officially incorporated in Ohio in 1916 and then reincorporated in 1919 when shares in the company began to be sold on the New York Stock Exchange. After a brief period of military production during World War I, Sparks-Withington used its growing expertise in the electronics field to bring out a line of battery powered radios, followed in 1926 by production of the country's first all-electric radio, promoted as "Radio's Richest Voice." While many American companies suffered during the Great Depression, Sparks-Withington expanded. In 1930, the company formed a wholly-owned Canadian subsidiary, Sparton of Canada, Ltd., to introduce the Sparton radio line in Canada.

Sparks-Withington Co.; Jackson, Michigan. - Trade names Jewel, Sparton. 1934/35 Sparton made also the tube VG-1 also called VisoGlo, a glow discharge tube (glow tube, glow light tube) as a tuning indicator (see Sparton Model 83) before the magic eye.

Sparton brand radios were produced by the Sparks-Withington Co. of Jackson Michigan. Originally involved in the manufacturing of automotive parts (particularly horns and radiator fans), the company had been formed in 1900 by General W. H. Withington and his sons Philip and Winthrop. William Sparks, a young immigrant from England joined the company shortly after it was formed.

Radio production was added to the company in 1925 under license from Roy Weagant, who formerly designed DeForest TRF sets. Sparton was one of the first to use Kellogg AC tubes. In the late 1920s, Sparton at first refused to license RCA's patents, which led Sparton into the business of making its own tubes under the Cardon brand to guarantee its supply. Sparton's Equasonne models in 1928 were another measure to avoid RCA's patents - these models used a special circuit licensed from Technidyne Corp. In 1929, Sparton finally negotiated a license with RCA - after showing that it had the capability and will to do without RCA if necessary. Once licensed by RCA, Sparton ceased making its own tubes.

Sparton was not particularly successful in the radio business after 1930, but continued to produce radios and TVs until 1956, when some of its assets were sold to Magnavox to form the "Spartan" (note different spelling) division of Magnavox. The name of the company changed from Sparks-Withington to Sparton Corp. in 1956, and it continues as a successful company today, making a variety of products in aerospace, defense, medical, and other product lines

Sources:
1. Alan Douglas, "Radio Manufacturers of the 1920s," Vol. 3, The Vestal Press Ltd., Vestal, NY (1991).
2. Current company information at www.sparton.com.
3. Date of sale of assets to Magnavox (1956) from original advertisements and dating of SAMS service literature. Bitte wählen Neuer Text wird dem alten hinten angehängt. Neuer Text ersetzt den alten. Neuer Text wird dem alten vorangestellt. Geschichte (3)


Some models:
Country Year Name 1st Tube Notes
USA  35 507 78  Wood with vertical metal bar decorarions. Broadcast Band 550 to 1500 k. c. - Short Wave... 
USA  46 6-36-SX 7A7  Appears never to have had a back cover.  This model has a phono jack in back. W... 
USA  52 Sparton 5297 Ch= 25SD202 , 2SD202 6BK7  The SPARTON model 5297 is a b/w TV with US standard VHF Tuner channels 2 thru 13, equip... 
USA  52 Sparton 5296 Ch= 25SD202 , 2SD202 6BK7  The SPARTON model 5296 is a b/w TV with US standard VHF Tuner channels 2 thru 13, equip... 
USA  52 Sparton 5290 Ch= 25SD202 , 2SD202 6BK7  The SPARTON model 5290 is a b/w TV with US standard VHF Tuner channels 2 thru 13, equip... 
USA  39 Sparton unknown portable   Built-in loop antenna. For 110 Volt operation, removal of cord and plug automatically c... 
USA  50 Sparton 4944 Ch= 24TB10 6BH6  TV Receiver with 16" b/w CRT. TV Chassis 24TB10 and Power Supply Chassis 3TB10. Cha... 
USA  50 Sparton 4945 Ch= 24TB10 6BH6  TV Receiver with 16" b/w CRT. TV Chassis 24TB10 and Power Supply Chassis 3TB10. Cha... 
USA  36 Sparton 557-X blue ch= 517 [export model] 6A7  So called "Sled", blue mirror glass. Export version for 50Hz mains at 95 to 250 V. ... 
USA  36 Sparton 516 [1 band]   Wood with chrome. 
USA  34 Sparton 75 58   
USA  25/26 Sparton 5-26 Console [THREE tuning knobs] C-201A  For model 5-26, Sparks-Withington made a cabinet version (table model) and a Consolette... 

[rmxhdet-en]

Further details for this manufacturer by the members (rmfiorg):

Scanned from the Radio Retailing October 1945 page 60.tbn_sparton_prom_rr_oct45_p60.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing January 1946 page 147.tbn_sparks_prom_rr_jan46_p147.jpg
Source: Saturday Evening Post, 1951 Ad*Access On-Line Project - Ad #TV0777 John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/adaccess/tbn_usa_sparton_tv_ad_1951.jpg
1930s advertisementtbn_us_sparton_193x_ad.jpg
Source: Saturday Evening Post, 1951 Ad*Access On-Line Project - Ad #TV0777 John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/adaccess/tbn_usa_sparton_logo_1951.png
1926tbn_usa_sparks_1926_logo.jpg
tbn_us_sparton_adv2.jpg
1920s ad.tbn_us_sparton_adv.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing April 1946 page 103.tbn_sparton_prom_rr_apr46_p103.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing May 1946 page 123.tbn_sparton_prom_rr_may46_p123.jpg
Scanned from a Sparton folder 1946.tbn_sparks_sparton_1946_side1.jpg
Sparton folder 1946, revers page.tbn_sparks_folder_sparton_1946.jpg
Scanned from the Radio & Television Retailing July 1947 page 14.tbn_rr_jul47_p14.jpg
Scanned from the Radio & Television Retailing July 1947 page 15.tbn_rr_jul47_p15.jpg
Scanned from the Radio & Television Retailing August 1947 page 28.tbn_rr_aug47_p28.jpg
Scanned from the Radio & Television Retailing September 1947 page 29.tbn_rr_sep47_p29.jpg
Scanned from the Sparton Folder 1938 for 1937/38.tbn_sparton_folder1938_p1.jpg
Scanned from the Sparton Folder 1938 for 1937/38.tbn_sparton_folder1938_p4.jpg
Scanned from the Sparton Folder 1938 for 1937/38.tbn_sparton_folder1938_p6.jpg
Scanned from the Sparton Folder October 1933.tbn_sparton_folder_1933_p1.jpg
Scanned from the Sparton Folder October 1933.tbn_sparton_folder_1933_p2.jpg
Scanned from the Sparton Folder No. 3578, 1953/54.tbn_sparton_folder_1953_54_p1.jpg
Scanned from the Sparton Folder No. 3578, 1953/54.tbn_sparton_folder_1953_54_p2.jpg
tbn_sparton_data_small.jpg
This is a list which John Kusching scanned from original Sparton material "The Quantity and Types of Tubes used in Sparton Receiving Sets". I load up in big size as "technical papers" on models we have to question the tube line up. Examples: models 69-A and 301AC.tbn_usa_sparton_tubes_quantities_and_types.jpg
Original tube line up and replacement tubes, effective August 24, 1934 from Rider's Sparton page 5-6.tbn_rider_5_sparton_page6.jpg
Prices of "Sparton tubes", effective November 1936.tbn_sparton_tube_prices_november_1936.jpg
Picture from Sparks-Withington 40th anniversary booklettbn_usa_sparton_40thanniversarybooklet_4.jpg
Picture of founder Philip H. Withington from the companies 40th anniversary booklet.tbn_usa_sparton_40thanniversarybooklet_5.jpg
Photo of founder Winthrop Withington taken from the companies 40th anniversary booklet.tbn_usa_sparton_40thanniversarybooklet_6.jpg
Photo of some of the Sparton manufacturing plants as shown in the companies 40th anniversary booklet.tbn_usa_sparton_40thanniversarybooklet_7.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing March 1935 page 32.tbn_sparks_radio_retailing_03_1935_page_32.png
In June 1934 Radio Retailing informed about repair in "Tricks of the Trade" page 43.tbn_sparton_79_etc_radio_retailing_06_1934_page_43.png
In June 1934 Radio Retailing informed about repair in "Tricks of the Trade" page 43.tbn_sparton_79_etc_text_radio_retailing_06_1934_page_43..png
Scanned from the Radio Retailing June 1933 page 19.tbn_sparton_radio_retailing_09_1933_page_55.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing August 1935 page 63.tbn_sparton_radio_retailing_08_1935_page_63.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing July 1935 page 55.tbn_sparton_radio_retailing_07_1935_page_55.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing May 1934 page 30.tbn_radio_retailing_may1934_p30.jpg
This is page 2 of Sparton Bulletin 7B, dated Dacemeber 1, 1930, which has the tube lineups for models built in 1930 and earlier.tbn_sparton_bulletin_7b_pg2.jpg
This is page 3 of Sparton Bulletin 7B, dated Dacemeber 1, 1930, which has the tube lineups for models built in 1930 and earlier.tbn_sparton_bulletin_7b_pg3.jpg
This is page 4 of Sparton Bulletin 7B, dated Dacemeber 1, 1930, which has the tube lineups for models built in 1930 and earlier.tbn_sparton_bulletin_7b_pg4.jpg
This is page 5 of Sparton Bulletin 7B, dated December 1, 1930, which has the tube lineups for models built in 1930 and earlier.tbn_sparton_bulletin_7b_pg5.jpg
Sparton Radio Service Manual 1, table of contents 1/3.tbn_usa_sparton_manual1_contents1_933pixels.png
Sparton Radio Service Manual 1, table of contents 2/3. Scanned by John Kusching.tbn_usa_sparton_manual1_contents2_933pixels.png
Sparton Radio Service Manual 1, table of contents 3/3. Scanned by John Kusching.tbn_usa_sparton_manual1_contents3_933pixels.png
tbn_usa_sparton_advertise1946.jpg
Scanned from the Radio Retailing June 1939 page 6.tbn_rr_june1939_ad_sparton_p6.jpg

  
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