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ID = 723
Developer: Philips; Eindhoven (tubes international!); Miniwatt 
Tube type:  Mag. Stripe, exclamation mark   Indication 
Identical to DM70 = 1M3
Similar Tubes
Other base:
  1N3 ; DM71 ; Y25
First year 1952 Tube leaflet collection E.Erb Analysis by original leaflets [Kat440; 10.52=FS-Rö
First Source (s)
1952 : Philips-Archiv

Base Subminiatur-8, with space 1/8, B8D
Filament Vf 1.4 Volts / If 0.025 Ampere / Direct / Specified voltage AND current AC/DC
Tube prices 13 Tube prices (visible for members only)
Information source Röhren-Taschen-Tabelle, (Franzis RTT)   

DM70: Courtesy Bureau Belper (De Muiderkring, Bussum), Scan Frank Philipse
Karel De Reus †
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dm70.png DM70: Telefunken Röhrenhandbuch
Wolfgang Bauer

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Just Qvigstad
DM70: Valvo 1955
Robert Schmalstieg

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Usage in Models 1= 1948 ; 5= 1952?? ; 6= 1952? ; 1= 1952 ; 5= 1953?? ; 6= 1953? ; 25= 1953 ; 5= 1954?? ; 5= 1954? ; 21= 1954 ; 6= 1955?? ; 12= 1955? ; 36= 1955 ; 8= 1956?? ; 7= 1956? ; 51= 1956 ; 7= 1957?? ; 12= 1957? ; 26= 1957 ; 10= 1958?? ; 19= 1958? ; 49= 1958 ; 1= 1959?? ; 10= 1959? ; 40= 1959 ; 11= 1960?? ; 4= 1960? ; 11= 1960 ; 8= 1961? ; 14= 1961 ; 1= 1962?? ; 2= 1962? ; 11= 1962 ; 6= 1963? ; 9= 1963 ; 2= 1964?? ; 5= 1964? ; 8= 1964 ; 4= 1965?? ; 3= 1965? ; 3= 1965 ; 2= 1966?? ; 1= 1966? ; 2= 1966 ; 2= 1967?? ; 1= 1967? ; 1= 1967 ; 1= 1968?? ; 2= 1968 ; 1= 1969?? ; 1= 1970?? ; 2= 9999

Quantity of Models at with this tube (valve, valves, valvola, valvole, válvula, lampe):492

Collection of



Forum contributions about this tube
Threads: 3 | Posts: 4
Hits: 2534     Replies: 0
DM70 (DM70)
Michael Watterson

It's not an exact equivalent, but the close Russian version of this (made at least as late as 1981!) is the 1E4A-B

[Edit: fixed broken link]

Hits: 3434     Replies: 0
DM70 in Reverse mode operation
Joe Sousa

 Fellow Radiophiles:

The following curves compare the operation of the DM70 in normal mode with reverse mode.

In normal mode, the control voltage input is applied to the grid and the current output is at the plate. In reverse mode, the control voltage input is applied to the grid and the current output is at the grid.

The principal difference between these modes of opeartion is that normal mode has a comparatively high output impedance with higher transconductance and higher mu and requires relatively high supply voltage at the ouput plate. Reverse mode operation yields much higher current flow at the grid output with low supply voltages, but at the expense of much lower gm and much lower mu which is on the order of the inverse of normal mode mu.

This measurement provides data to explore the possiblity of operation in reverse mode in a low voltage AM transmitter operating with a 9V battery.  Follow the link for the result.



Hits: 15163     Replies: 1
DM70 : Operation
Michael Watterson

Apart from being perhaps the smallest "magic eye" and designed for only 25mA @ 1.4V operation the DM70 (or DM71) is also very simple yet reliable and long lived.

Though intended for portable battery tube radio and battery tube tape recorders it was also used Table Top mains radio such as Spezialsuper 53 SH830GW (likely a 1952 or 1953 Model).

In a sense it's more the predecessor of the Vacuum Florescent Display (VFD) of the 1960s till today than the 1959 DM160 which was purely a VFD indicator.

Here is internal construction with getter, support rods and glass removed:


DM70  or DM71 approximate construction
(dimensions approximate)

Due to the filament closer at the dot and the slot wider at the top, at the most negative grid voltage before "cut off" the dot of the ! and top of the ! are both lit. As the voltage of grid changes toward zero the electrons are less repelled and the bar grows downwards. In fact this is an opposite characteristic to most "magic eyes" that are using an electron beam deflected by a control rod to create a shadow. In most, this rod is internally or externally connected to a Triode, which is also usually internal using the same cathode.

Other feature are the fact that the grid is more like G2 in position, it's much closer to Anode than Filament, more like modern VFD. Tubes during 1940s moved the grid ever closer  to the filament or cathode.


DM70 / DM71 : 0V on grid = maximum size bar

Typical Magic Eye: 0V on grid = minimum size bar = maximum size shadow.

The published graphs show grid up to 3V positive for about 45V or 50V HT compared to full size bar at 0V for about 75V to 85V  HT. Similarly just before "cut-off" dot and top of bar only is about g= -7V at 45V HT and perhaps -15V at maximum HT.

So what if we reduce HT to +18V? (anode voltage)

Actually the display is still quite bright, but the operation point of grid has moved even more positive with about +9V needed for full bar and 0V close to minimum. At g =+18V the image is brighter and defocused. Thus above a particular value of grid volts, depending on HT, the device is only variable brightness.

What about 9V HT?

At this point it's dim. Also there is no bar control noticeable. Instead it acts like a VFD, A DM160 or iv-15 with the positive grid voltage varying brightness of the whole bar. The DM160 was developed a few years later (1959) with a grid like anode. But later VFDs all used the DM70 type construction, simply with a level filament and mesh grid even closer to anode.

The DM71 is simply a DM70 with the leads factory cut for a sub-miniature B8D connector released first in 1953.

See also

History of tuning indicators

Vintage Indicators



Michael Watterson

See the smaller 33mm x 6.6mm  Russian Magic Eye 1E4A-B with a slightly similar display.

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