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History of the manufacturer  

ARTS&P - Australian Radio Technical Services and Patents Co. Ltd.; Sydney, NSW

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Name: ARTS&P - Australian Radio Technical Services and Patents Co. Ltd.; Sydney, NSW    (AUS)  
Abbreviation: artsp
Summary:

Australian Radio Technical Services and Patents Co. Ltd. (ARTS&P)
47 York Street, Sydney, NSW

This company was formed to take over all the patent rights claimed in relation to sets and parts made by A.W.A, Standard Telephones, Ltd., and Phillips. Ltd. [1]

By 1927 the manufacture of radio receivers in Australia and New Zealand was subject to over 2000 patents, registered in the country of origin and also in Australia and New Zealand. With so many patent holders a solution had to be sought to manage the conflicts arising and an Australian Royal Commission was instigated.

Founded: 1933
Closed: 1985
History:

An article titled Wireless. The Patent Situation. Present Complications” by N.M. Goddard in The Sydney Morning Herald of January 31, 1934, explains the Patent situation in early 1934 from 1927.[2]

During the past few days there have been announcements by two different patent-holding groups of the patents which they claim to control and of the manufacturers who have been licensed by them. There have also been warnings that "all persons making, using, vending, or otherwise dealing in receivers in contravention of the patent rights" render themselves liable to be proceeded against unless the manufacture of the apparatus is authorised.

These matters are primarily the concern of manufacturers, but, as in all other cases where additional costs or charges are imposed upon goods, the ultimate consumer, in this case the listener will have to bear the burden of the extra royalty payments.

In its comparatively short life wireless communication and broadcasting have seen many periodical disputes over patent matters. Patent rights have always been a fruitful source of discussion and probably will be on many more occasions in the future, especially when television becomes a practical proposition. The manner in which the science has grown, with Its comparatively few but large research organisations which have applied for patents for every discovery that they have

made, has made this condition practically unavoidable. Those who hold the patents are naturally keen to obtain what seems to them an adequate return, while those who use those patents have different ideas as to what is meant by adequacy.

About 1927, when broadcasting was becoming a well-established industry, the patent position in Australia was difficult. The Wireless Royal Commission of that year made recommendations for the settlement of the troubles, and ultimately AWA, which was apparently the only party concerned at the time, made an arrangement with the Commonwealth Government whereby, for an annual payment of 3/ for each licence, all its patents would be made available. The arrangement was not as attractive to the company as that suggested by the Royal Commission. Whether the royalty payments were fair or otherwise, the arrangement had this great virtue, viz., that it was simple, and cost practically nothing to operate. It did not, however, make any provision for any concern other than AWA.

COMBINED ACTION.

Not quite a year ago the Commonwealth Government, as it was perfectly entitled to, said that on March 1, 1934, the arrangement would cease. This caused a little excitement, but not as much as the demands of other patent holding groups which, whether by accident or design, were made about the same time.

A considerable number of patents were involved in the new demands. A large number have only come into being since the 1927 agreement was made, but some were in force at that date. No demand was made for their inclusion, and for all that was heard of them they might not have been in existence. If they are valid now they have always been, and it is difficult to account for the fact that their owners did not press their claims for so many years. However, whatever the reasons may be, there does not seem to be any doubt as to their present intentions.

A Melbourne patent-holding group, Neutrodyne Pty. Ltd., which controls the Hazeltine patents, offered a licence. It was accepted by some and refused by others, whereupon Neutrodyne issued writs against some manufacturers. Manufacturers and others interested in the trade formed a company Radio Interests Ltd. (R.I.L.) for the purpose of fighting the battles of its members, and to negotiate as a unit in the matter of arranging licences. AWA, Standard Telephones and Cables (A/sla), Ltd., and Philips Lamps (A/sla), Ltd., pooled their patents, and formed Australian Radio Technical Services and Patents Company, Ltd. (briefly known as A.R.T.S.). R.I.L. and A.R.T.S. have come to an agreement, the main feature of which ls that licensed manufacturers should, after January 1, pay 1/6 per valve socket, and after March 1 (when AWA's patents came into the pool) an extra 2/, or in all 3/6 per socket. Reductions are made for large quantities, and certain minima are specified.

This was accepted by some and criticised by others. During December there was much discussion, and in Melbourne another protective company was formed*. Now the position appears to be : R.I.L. is satisfied with the A.R.T.S. offer, but will not accept that made by Neutrodyne, which ls suing some manufacturers, while some

Of its patents are being attacked; the followers of Neutrodyne will have nothing to do with A.R.T.S. and vice-versa.  There ls so far one definite result of the new situation. Certain receivers upon which royalty is payable on the basis of four valve sockets have been increased in price by 12/6 since January 1. At present only 6/ ls payable to STC and Philips, but In March AWA will be due to receive 8/, when it is reasonable to assume that the price will increase in the same proportion, or by a further 16/6, or in all by 29/. If such a receiver is assumed to have a life of five years, a total amount of 15/ (3/per annum) would have been paid under the existing scheme, all of it to AWA. Now that company will receive only 8/, while S.T.C. and Philips, which previously received nothing, share 6/ between them.

The old arrangement is costing listeners about £78,000 per annum. The new, assuming a production of only 100,000 sets per annum, will take at least £150,000 from them, only half of which will go to the patentees. These figures take no account of any sums that may be paid to Neutrodyne.

*The Melbourne company mentioned above was the Combined Radio Protection Company

ARTS&P License No. 1 was issued in December 1933 and published in the Radio Trade Annual 1934, page 75.

In April 1934 representatives of radio patent owners assembled in Sydney to discuss the possibility of forming a joint company to collect royalties in uniform method from manufacturers of radio sets. This resulted in The Radio Royalty Pool Plan.[3]

On April 4 1934 Hazeltine joined the ARTS&P [4] and by April 24 the group consisted of 18 companies.[5].

 

To show compliance to the License each licensed radio manufactured was fitted with a small sticker attached to the back of the chassis. Each label had a serial number and a letter to indicate the year of manufacture. The royalties paid were based on the number of cathode–anode electron streams in the set, and this is represented by a number in the top left of the label.

The label wording for each country either refers to the Commonwealth of Australia or the Dominion of New Zealand. The 1934 label was plastic riveted to the chassis in Australia and  was white paper glued to the chassis New Zealand. In later years, New Zealand radios used the Australian label with another label added stating “Patent licence extended for use in the Dominion of New Zealand”

Date

Colour

Letter

1934

White

A (No letter in NZ)

1935-1936

Pale blue

B

1936

Pale blue

C

1937

Pale blue

D

1938

Pale blue

E

1939-1940

Pale blue

F

1940-1941

Pale blue

G

1942-1946

Pale blue

H

1946-1952

Dark Green with red letters

T (I in NZ)

1952-1955

Orange with dark green letters

T (I in NZ)

1955-approx 1965

Small pale blue with dark blue letters

No prefix letter

1965 on

Small pale blue label with black letters starting with prefix AA.(See uploaded photos).

AA

The company published Technical Bulletins with circuits and helpful design hints for its licensees and included reviews of contemporary wireless magazines.ARTS&P TECHNICAL BULLETIN

In November 1935 the company was granted an experimental television transmitter license.[6]

By the 1950’s, most of the original radio patents necessitating the ARTS&P had expired. The advent of transistors, FM and television bought a new wave of patents but by the 1960’s the number of manufacturers had reduced and production was by large manufacturers. These manufacturers obtained their licenses directly from patent holders.

The company was liquidated in April 1985.[7]

[1] The Advertiser (SA) Feb 7, 1934, Page 19.
[2] The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Jan 31, 1934, Page 6.
[3] The Herald ( Vic.) Apr 3, 1934, Page 8.
[4] The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Apr 18, 1934, page 18.
[5] The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Apr 24, 1934, page 8.
[6] Shepparton Advertiser (Vic.) Nov 12, 1935, Page 5.
[7] Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. General (National)  Apr 23, 1985 [Issue No.G16]  Page 1644.

This manufacturer was suggested by Gary Cowans.


[rmxhdet-en]

Further details for this manufacturer by the members (rmfiorg):

[1] Company registered. The Advertiser (SA) Feb 7, 1934, Page 19.tbn_aus_artsp_1_the_age_vic_aug_31_1933_page_6.jpg
[3] The Radio Royalty Pool Plan. The Herald ( Vic.) Apr 3, 1934, Page 8.tbn_aus_artsp_3_the_herald_vic._apr_3_1934_page_8.jpg
[4] On April 4 1934 Hazeltine joined the ARTS&P The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Apr 18, 1934, page 18.tbn_aus_artsp_4_the_sydney_morning_herald_nsw_apr_18_1934_page_18.jpg
[5] By April 24 the group consisted of 18 companies. The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Apr 24, 1934, page 8.tbn_aus_artsp_5_the_sydney_morning_herald_nsw_apr_24_1934_page_8..jpg
[6] In November 1935 the company was granted an experimental television transmitter license. Shepparton Advertiser (Vic.) Nov 12, 1935, Page 5.tbn_aus_artsp_6_shepparton_advertiser_vic._nov_12_1935_page..jpg
[7] The company was liquidated in April 1985. Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. General (National) Apr 23, 1985 [Issue No.G16] Page 1644.tbn_aus_artsp_7_commonwealth_of_australia_gazette._apr_23_1985_page_1644.jpg
Articale from Radio Trade Annual, 1935 Page 17, on Progress of Radio in Australia during 1933.tbn_aus_artsp_progress_of_radio_in_australia_during_1933.jpg
ARTS&P License No. 1. Page 1. From the Radio Trade Annual 1934, Page 75.tbn_aus_artsp_license_1_page_1.jpg
ARTS&P License No. 1. Page 2. From the Radio Trade Annual 1934, Page 76.tbn_aus_artsp_license_1_page_2.jpg
ARTS&P License No. 1. Page 1. From the Radio Trade Annual 1934, Page 77.tbn_aus_artsp_license_1_page_3.jpg
1934 Label. White, Plastic label, prefixed with the letter “A”, riveted to rear of chassis or stapled to woodwork inside some consoles. This is a stapled example from an Astor Caliph PZ.tbn_aus_artsp_1934.jpg
1935 - 1936 Label. Pale blue, Plastic label, prefixed with the letter “B”, riveted to rear of chassis. This example from a EMMCO M455.tbn_aus_artsp_1935_36.jpg
Mid till late 1960's example, with the letters “AA”, affixed to the the rear of the chassis. This example from a 1966 Kriesler 11-98A.tbn_aus_artsp_1966_kriesler_11_98a.jpg
Mid till late 1960's example, with the letters “AD”, affixed to the the rear of the chassis. This example from a 1967 Kriesler 11-99.tbn_aus_artsp_1967_kriesler_11_99.jpg

  
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